Galena Park, Texas

Coordinates: 29°44′20″N 95°14′14″W / 29.73889°N 95.23722°W / 29.73889; -95.23722
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Galena Park, Texas
Galena Park sign
Galena Park sign
Location in Harris County and the state of Texas
Location in Harris County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 29°44′20″N 95°14′14″W / 29.73889°N 95.23722°W / 29.73889; -95.23722
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyHarris
Area
 • Total4.92 sq mi (12.74 km2)
 • Land4.80 sq mi (12.44 km2)
 • Water0.12 sq mi (0.30 km2)
Elevation7 ft (2 m)
Population
 • Total10,740
 • Density2,239.18/sq mi (864.58/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77547
Area codes713, 281, 832, 346
FIPS code48-27996[4]
GNIS feature ID1377177[2]
Websitewww.cityofgalenapark-tx.gov

Galena Park is a city in Harris County, Texas, United States, within the Houston–Sugar Land–Baytown metropolitan area. The population was 10,740 at the 2020 census.[3] The population is predominantly Hispanic.

History[edit]

Issac Batterson and his family settled in the area in 1833; it was a part of the Ezekiel Thomas survey.[5] The area of Galena Park began as the settlement of Clinton in 1835.[6] The center of what would become Galena Park was a 1,000-acre (400 ha) tract that Batterson purchased from the estate of Ezekiel Thomas.[5] The settlement originally served as a farming and ranching community, but in the 1880s transformed into a railroad center along the new Port of Houston. With the coming of the petrochemical industry in the early 1900s, Clinton again transformed into a refinery center.[6]

Clinton attempted to establish a post office in 1935, but the request was denied, as another Clinton, Texas, had established the name. The settlement's name was changed to Galena Park after the Galena Signal Oil Company of Texas, which built the first refinery there. Galena Park's original name survives today as the name of a major street in the city, Clinton Drive.[6] Because of the 1935 incorporation, Houston did not incorporate Galena Park's territory into its city limits, while Houston annexed surrounding areas that were unincorporated.[7] By the late 1930s Houston was growing as a port, so Galena Park expanded. Since the 1940s, area residents considered the city to be a part of greater Houston.[6]

The economy of Galena Park began to suffer in the early 1980s, when cranes used to haul ship cargo were reduced; prior to the early 1980s, a team of workers, known on the docks as longshoremen, took up to one week to unload cargo off a ship. Many lived in the Galena Park area and contributed to its local economy. The use of cranes, however, led to ships unloading all cargo in less than one day.[8] The 1980s also hit Galena Park's economy with layoffs from the steel mills as the U.S. steel contracted due to overseas competition.[citation needed] The economy further decreased after the September 11, 2001 attacks, when seaport administrators tightened security rules that governed whether sailors could leave ships docked at port.[8]

Geography[edit]

Map of Galena Park

Galena Park is located at 29°44′20″N 95°14′14″W / 29.73889°N 95.23722°W / 29.73889; -95.23722 (29.738928, –95.237211).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), all land.

The city is east of the 610 Loop, north of the Houston Ship Channel,[10] and adjacent to the City of Jacinto City,[11] as well as the Clinton Park neighborhood of Houston.[12] Clinton Drive is the main arterial road for Galena Park and traffic to and from the ship channel and the Port of Houston uses this road. The area around Galena Park includes freeways, freight railway, and heavy industry.[13]

The border between Galena Park, previously an all-white city and Clinton Park, an African-American neighborhood, was barricaded as of 2008. Rafael Longoria and Susan Rogers of the Rice Design Alliance said in 2008 that the barricade "provides a stark example of how the prevailing segregationist sentiments of the era [are] still in evidence."[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.Note
19401,562
19507,186360.1%
196010,85251.0%
197010,479−3.4%
19809,879−5.7%
199010,0331.6%
200010,5925.6%
201010,8872.8%
202010,740−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
Galena Park racial composition as of 2020[15]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 856 7.97%
Black or African American (NH) 622 5.79%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 12 0.11%
Asian (NH) 9 0.08%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.02%
Some other race (NH) 31 0.29%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 71 0.66%
Hispanic or Latino 9,137 85.07%
Total 10,740

As of the 2020 United States census, 10,740 people, 3,019 households, and 2,481 families were residing in the city.

As of the census[4] of 2010, 10,887 people and 3,021 households resided in the city. The population density was 2,183.3 inhabitants per square mile (843.0/km2). The 3,273 housing units had an average density of 654.6 per square mile (252.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 11.4% White, not Hispanic, 6.6% African American, not Hispanic, 0.13% Native American or Native Alaskan, not Hispanic, 0.09% Asian or Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, not Hispanic, and 0.25% from two or more races. People of Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin of any race were 81.4% of the population, a 21% increase over the 2000 census.

As of the 2000 census, of the 3,054 households, 46.9% had children under 18 living with them, 61.9% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.4% were not families. About 17.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.47, and the average family size was 3.92.

In the city, the age distribution was 33.8% under 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 16.2% from 45 to 64, and 9.9% who were 65 or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,660, and for a family was $34,702. Males had a median income of $29,814 versus $21,172 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,207. About 21.5% of families and 25.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.2% of those under 18 and 10.6% of those 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Galena Park City Hall

As of 2014, Esmeralda Moya is the mayor of the City of Galena Park. Mayor Moya also serves as the chief executive officer of the city, as the city's chief administrator and official representative. The city made history on June 21, 2014, by electing her as the first female Hispanic to hold this elected position.

The City of Galena Park operates with a mayor-council type of government. The city council has four positions, with each having a responsibility for a particular municipal department.

The Galena Park Fire Department and the Galena Park Police Department serve the citizens of the city.

County, federal, and state representation[edit]

Galena Park is located within Harris County Precinct 2; as of 2011, Jack Morman headed Precinct 2.[18]

Galena Park is located in District 143 of the Texas House of Representatives[19] As of 2011, Ana Hernandez Luna represented the district.[20] Galena Park is within District 6 [21] of the Texas Senate; as of 2011, Mario Gallegos, Jr. was the representative.[22]

Galena Park was within Texas's 29th congressional district; as of 2019, Sylvia Garcia represented the district.[23] The United States Postal Service operates the Galena Park Post Office at 1805 Clinton Drive.[24]

The designated public health center of the Harris Health System (formerly Harris County Health System) is the Strawberry Health Clinic in Pasadena. The nearest public hospital is Ben Taub General Hospital in the Texas Medical Center, Houston.[25]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Galena Park High School
Galena Park Library

Students in Galena Park attend schools in Galena Park Independent School District.[26]

Four separate elementary schools, Galena Park Elementary School in Galena Park, MacArthur Elementary School in Galena Park, Jacinto City Elementary School in Jacinto City, and Pyburn Elementary School in Houston, serve students from the city of Galena Park[27] Almost all Galena Park students are zoned to Galena Park Middle School (6–8) in Galena Park. A few in northeast Galena Park are zoned to Woodland Acres Middle School in Houston.[28] All Galena Park residents are zoned to Galena Park High School (9–12) in Galena Park.[29]

In addition, GPISD operates the William F. "Bill" Becker Early Childhood Development Center, a preschool program for low-income families, in Galena Park.[30]

In the pre-1970 era of racial segregation in schools, the local high school for Black children was Fidelity Manor High School.

Private schools[edit]

Our Lady of Fatima School, a prekindergarten to grade 8 Roman Catholic school, is in Galena Park.[31] The school is fully accredited by TEA and TCEA. It has served the community for over 60 years and is open in enrollment to all faiths and denominations.

Colleges and universities[edit]

The Galena Park ISD area (and therefore Galena Park) is zoned to the San Jacinto College system.[32]

Public libraries[edit]

The Harris County Public Library (HCPL) system operates the Galena Park Branch at 1500 Keene Street in Galena Park. The 5,800-square-foot (540 m2) branch, a partnership between HCPL and Galena Park, was built in March 1996, and opened in December of that year.[33]

Gallery of schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Galena Park, Texas
  3. ^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Galena Park city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  5. ^ a b "The History" (Archive). City of Galena Park. Retrieved on August 11, 2014.
  6. ^ a b c d "Galena Park, Texas." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on November 4, 2009.
  7. ^ Lee, Renée C. "Annexed Kingwood split on effects." Houston Chronicle. Sunday October 8, 2006. A21. Retrieved on July 6, 2011. "Some of the area communities that incorporated as cities and escaped annexation by Houston:" Print version exclusively has the information cited; the information is not included in the online edition.
  8. ^ a b Harkinson, Josh. "All Aboard." Houston Press. March 18, 2004. 1.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ Lobet, Ingrid. "Cancer risk from diesel in Galena Park." Houston Chronicle. July 4, 2014. Updated July 8, 2014. Retrieved on August 10, 2014.
  11. ^ Krajicek, David. "Suzanne Basso and the Murder of Louis 'Buddy' Musso Archived 2014-02-25 at the Wayback Machine." Suzanne Basso and the Murder of Louis 'Buddy' Musso. Crime Library. Retrieved on March 3, 2014.
  12. ^ a b Longoria, Rafael and Susan Rogers. "The Rurban Horseshoe." (Archive) Cite 73. The Rice Design Alliance, (Northern Hemisphere) Winter 2008. Pages 18-19. Retrieved on February 24, 2010.
  13. ^ Feibel, Carrie. "Pollution From Ship Channel and Port Traffic Affects Galena Park." KUHF. July 8, 2014. Retrieved on August 10, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 23, 2022.
  16. ^ https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
  17. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  18. ^ [1]." Harris County. Accessed May 10, 2011.
  19. ^ "[2]" Texas Legislature District 143 Map Accessed May 10, 2011.
  20. ^ "[3]." Texas House of Representatives. Accessed May 10, 2011.
  21. ^ "[4]." Texas Senate, District 6 Map Accessed May 10, 2011.
  22. ^ ""Archived copy". Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2011.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)". Texas State Senate District 6. Accessed May 10, 2011.
  23. ^ "Congressional District 29 Archived 2008-10-09 at the Wayback Machine." National Atlas of the United States. Retrieved on December 13, 2008.
  24. ^ "Post Office Location - GALENA PARK." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 13, 2008.
  25. ^ "Clinic/Emergency/Registration Center Directory By ZIP Code". Harris County Hospital District. November 19, 2001. Archived from the original on November 19, 2001. Retrieved April 8, 2021. - See ZIP code 77547. See this map for relevant ZIP codes.
  26. ^ "Zoning Map". City of Galena Park. Retrieved March 2, 2021. - Compare zoning Map to school zone maps.
  27. ^ "Elementary Schools - South Archived 2017-09-22 at the Wayback Machine," Galena Park Independent School District. Retrieved on November 29, 2008.
  28. ^ "Woodland Acres Middle School Archived 2017-09-22 at the Wayback Machine." Galena Park Independent School District. Retrieved on November 29, 2008.
  29. ^ "Galena Park High School Archived 2017-09-22 at the Wayback Machine." Galena Park Independent School District. Retrieved on November 29, 2008.
  30. ^ "Early Head Start Archived 2012-03-14 at the Wayback Machine." Galena Park Independent School District. Retrieved on November 11, 2011.
  31. ^ "Archdiocese of Galveston-Houston / School Page / Our Lady of Fatima School - Galena Park". www.archgh.org. Archived from the original on May 19, 2006.
  32. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.197. SAN JACINTO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
  33. ^ "Galena Park Branch Library Archived 2008-05-17 at the Wayback Machine." Harris County Public Library. Retrieved on November 29, 2008.
  34. ^ Ackerman, Todd. "Troubles belie Houston hand doc's family-man image." Houston Chronicle. Monday September 6, 2010. 1. Retrieved on November 20, 2011.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[16][17]

External links[edit]